Mongolia is a large landlocked country in east-central Asia, spanning a total 1,564,116 sq. km (603,909 sq. mi) across the continent. From the Gobi Desert in the south, Mongolia rises into a grassy plain (steppe), punctuated by the Altai, Khangai and Khentii mountain ranges. The highest peak, Nayramadlin Orgil, is found in the Altai mountain range (west), and rises 14,350 ft. (4374 m). The landscape includes one of the largest freshwater lakes in Asia (Lake Khovsgol), marshes, salt lakes, sand dunes, alpine forests, rolling grasslands, and permanent mountain glaciers.
Capital city: Ulan-Bator Highest Point: Nayramadlin Orgil (14,350ft / 4374m) Lowest Point: Hoh Nuur (1837ft / 560m) Land Area: 599,831 sq. mi (1,553,556 sq. km) Water Area: 4077 sq. mi (10,560 sq. km) Total Area: 603,908 sq. mi (1,564,116 sq. km) Coastline: None, landlocked. Bordering countries (2) China, Russia