Spain is situated in southwestern Europe, occupying 85% of the Iberian peninsula. The mainland is bordered to the south and east almost entirely by the Mediterranean, to the north by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay, and to the west by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean. Flat in very few places, Spain features the Cordillera Cantabrica and rugged Sistema Iberico in the north, the massive Pyrenees in the northeast, the rocky Sierra de Cuenca in the east and the lower Montes de Toledo and Serrania de Cuenca in southern central areas. Further south, the mountains of the Cordillera Betica and Sierra Nevada dominate the landscape. The Sierra Nevada features mainland Spain's highest point, Mulhacen (11,421ft / 3481m). There are 10 designated national parks in mainland Spain, protecting the countries most scenic areas.
Capital city: Madrid Highest Point: Pico de Teide, Tenerife (12,198ft / 3718m) Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean (0ft / 0m) Land Area: 192,657 sq. mi (498,980 sq. km) Water Area: 2467 sq. mi (6390 sq. km) Total Area: 195,124 sq. mi (505,370 sq. km) Coastline: 3084 miles (4964 km) Bordering countries (5) Andorra, France, Gibraltar, Portugal, Morocco