Mexico is a large country in North America, bordered by the USA to the north, and Guatemala and Belize to the south. It features a diverse geographical profile, with great mountains and deep canyons at its core, barren deserts in the north, and dense rainforests in the southern and eastern parts of the country. The majority of the country is mountainous with the Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range lying in the west, the Sierra Madre Oriental range in the east, and a number of smaller mountain ranges featured in between. These regions are rich with sought after precious metals such as copper and silver. At its southeastern tip, the ‘Yucatan Peninsula’ cuts into the Gulf of Mexico. It was here that the ancient Mayans once resided, and traces of their civilisation remain to this day.
Capital city: Mexico City Highest Point: Volcan Pico de Orizaba (18,700ft / 5700m) Lowest Point: Laguna Salada (-33ft / -10m) Land Area: 750,561 sq. mi (1,943,945 sq. km) Water Area: 7888 sq. mi (20,430 sq. km) Total Area: 758,449 sq. mi (1,964,375 sq. km) Coastline: 5797 miles (9330 km) Bordering countries (3) Belize, Guatemala, United States