Iceland is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, situated immediately south of the Arctic circle, between Greenland and Norway. It is largely an arctic desert, interspersed with mountains, geysers, glaciers, waterfalls, hot springs and volcanoes. Perhaps the most distinctive of all its features are the glaciers, which cover over 4600 sq. mi (11,922 sq. km) - an impressive 11.5% of the total area of the country. The largest of these is Vatnajokull in Southeast Iceland, which is just as big as all of the glaciers on the European mainland put together.
Capital city: Reykjavik Highest Point: Hvannadalshnukur, at Vatnajokull glacier (6922ft / 2110m) Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean (0ft / 0m) Land Area: 38,707 sq. mi (100,250 sq. km) Water Area: 1062 sq. mi (2750 sq. km) Total Area: 39,768 sq. mi (103,000 sq. km) Coastline: 3088 miles (4970 km)