Canada is the second largest country in the world by area (land & water combined). It is a beautiful country, with many contrasting land regions, vast maritime terrains, many thousands of islands, the longest coastline in the world, and more lakes/inland waters than any other country on the planet. Significant landforms include the Great Lakes; Great Plains; Rocky Mountains; Appalachian Mountains; Arctic Archipelago; Lake Winnipeg; Great Slave Lake; Great Bear Lake; Colombia, Fraser, Mackenzie and Yukon Rivers; Hudson Bay, Canadian Shield, Canadian Cordillera and dozens of volcanoes along the Pacific Ring of Fire. In 1885, Banff National Park became Canada’s first designated national park. Since that time, the country has gone onto to protect and preserve spectacular and representative areas in each of the nations 13 provinces and territories. There are currently 37 national parks and 8 national park reserves, covering around 3% of the countries total land area.
Capital city: Ottawa Highest Point: Mount Logan (19,551ft / 5959m) Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean (0ft / 0m) Land Area: 3,511,022 sq. mi (9,093,507 sq. km) Water Area: 344,079 sq. mi (891,163 sq. km) Total Area: 3,855,102 sq. mi (9,984,670 sq. km) Coastline: 125,567 miles (202,080 km) Bordering countries (1) United States