Chile can be found in the southernmost region of South America, bordered by the Andes mountain range/Argentina to the East, Peru and Bolivia to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is the 6th largest country in the continent, and the 38th largest country in the world. A mountainous country; the snow-capped Andes range covers most of its eastern border with Argentina, whilst lower non-Andean ranges span the remainder of the land. Chile is also home to many fjords, beaches, glaciers, icebergs and deep sea channels, as well as the Atacama Desert, which has been officially declared as the driest place in the world. Recognising the need to protect these areas from harm, the Chilean government have established 18 national parks throughout the country, covering approximately 18% of the Chilean mainland.
Capital city: Santiago Highest Point: Nevado Ojos del Salado (22,572ft / 6880m) Lowest Point: Pacific Ocean (0ft / 0m) Land Area: 287,187 sq. mi (743,812 sq. km) Water Area: 4745 sq. mi (12,290 sq. km) Total Area: 291 933 sq. mi (756,102 sq. km) Coastline: 3999 miles (6435 km) Bordering countries (3) Argentina, Bolivia, Peru.